Date of Publication : 30, Oct, 2022
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease characterized by increased in the level of glucose in the blood (hyperglycaemia) resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. DM remains a universal significant health problem despite enormous research being undertaken on this field. It requires most time self-management and long -time therapies. The objective of this study was to investigate those factors influencing dietary regimen adherence among diabetic patients in Osogbo, Osun State. A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used. Research instrument used for data collection sought for data on socio-demographic characteristics; knowledge on diabetes mellitus, level of adherence to dietary regimen and factors influencing dietary regimen adherence. The data collected were coded and analysed using SPSS version 28. The findings of the study revealed that almost all (100%) of the respondents have good knowledge on diabetes mellitus as the presence of increased blood sugar level, and more than half of the target population (72.9%) adhered to their recommended dietary regimen as prescribed by the dietician. From the foregoing study, it is evident that majority of diabetic patients in Osogbo were knowledgeable on the incidence of DM, and their level of adherence was good. The respondents also identified factors influencing dietary regimen adherence as patient’s knowledge, high cost of treatment, monthly income, foods and diets prescribed in the hospital, family support and income, forgetfulness, among others. Thus, in order to enable strict adherence to dietary regimen, continuous education of the patients on the importance of adherence to dietary regimen and the consequences of non-adherence whenever they go for clinical appointments and assessment of the level of non-adherence to dietary regimen should be done from time to time.
Keywords: Determinants, Dietary Regimen, Adherence, Diabetic-Mellitus Patients,
Cite this article:
Author(s), AINA, Modupe Aduke (Ph.D.), Dr. ADEAGBO, Omolola Yinka, (2022). “Determinants of Dietary Regimen Adherence Among Diabetic Mellitus Patients in Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria”, Name of the Journal: Commonwealth Journal of Academic Research, (CJAR.EU), P, 1- 17. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7315752 , Issue: 10, Vol.: 3, Article: 1, Month: October, Year: 2022. Retrieved from https://www.cjar.eu/all-issues/
ThoughtWares Consulting & Multi Services International (TWCMSI)3.10-2022-1-Determinants-of-Dietary-Regimen-Adherence-Among-Diabetic-Mellitus-Patients-in-Osogbo-Osun-State-Nigeria